Xylazine (ZAI-luh-zeen), also known as “tranq,” is a sedative found in a rising number of accidental opioid overdoses in Maine. Xylazine is an animal tranquilizer that is used for veterinary surgery. It is not approved for use in humans. It is most often mixed with...

Behavioral Health

Behavioral Health is the field of healthcare concerned with substance use and other mental health disorders.

Cold Turkey

Slang term for the abrupt and complete cessation in intake of an addictive substance. It stems from the appearance of goosebumps on the skin often observable in addicted individuals when physiologically withdrawing from a substance.


Deterrence is the use of punishment as a threat to deter people from committing offences. Often contrasted with retributivism, which holds that punishment is a necessary consequence of a crime and should be calculated based on the gravity of the wrong done. A...

Disease Model of Addiction

The disease model of addiction classifies addiction as a disease. There are several “disease models,” but addiction is widely considered a complex disease with biological, neurobiological, genetic, and environmental influences among clinical scientists.